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Imakethe yesoya yaseChina ngo-2021

Imidumba ngokuvamile ibhekisela kuzo zonke izidumba ezingakhiqiza imidumba.Ngaso leso sikhathi, ziphinde zisetshenziselwe ukubhekisela ezitshalweni ezisetshenziswa njengokudla nokudla emndenini omncane we-Papilionaceae womndeni we-leguminous.Phakathi kwamakhulu emidumba ewusizo, azikho izitshalo ze-legume ezingaphezu kuka-20 ezitshalwe kabanzi.
soybean plant
1. Indawo etshaliwe
Indawo kabhontshisi yenyuke kakhulu.Ngo-2020, indawo ehlwanyelwe kabhontshisi ezweni lonke izoba amahektha ayizinkulungwane eziyi-11430, ukwanda kwamahektha ayizinkulungwane ezingama-505.3 noma ama-4.5% ngonyaka owedlule.Iqhutshwa yinqubomgomo yohlelo lokuvuselela ubhontshisi wesoya, indawo yokutshala ubhontshisi wesoya yayingamahektha ayizinkulungwane eziyisi-9,853.76, okuwukwanda kwamahektha ayizinkulungwane ezingama-515.4 noma u-5.7% ngaphezu konyaka odlule.I-China Commercial Industry Research Institute ibikezela ukuthi ngo-2021, indawo yokutshala ubhontshisi eShayina izofinyelela kumahektha ayizinkulungwane ezingu-12129, futhi indawo yokutshala ubhontshisi izofinyelela ku-10420.7 wamahektha ayizinkulungwane.

2. Isivuno
Ngo-2020, ubhontshisi waseChina ukhiqize amathani ayizigidi ezingama-21.87, okuwukunyuka kwamathani ayizigidi eziyi-1.54 ngonyaka owedlule, okuwukunyuka ngo-7.2%.Phakathi kwazo, ukukhiqizwa kukabhontshisi wesoya kwaba amathani ayizigidi eziyi-19.5, okuwukunyuka ngamathani ayizigidi eziyi-1.53 ​​noma ngo-8.24% ngonyaka odlule.I-China Commercial Industry Research Institute ibikezela ukuthi ukukhiqizwa kukabhontshisi waseChina kuzofinyelela kumathani ayizigidi ezingama-23.872 kanti ubhontshisi wesoya uzofinyelela kumathani ayizigidi ezingama-21.025 ngo-2021.
soybean
3. Ukukhishwa kweyunithi
Ngo-2020, isivuno sikabhontshisi ngehektha ngalinye sizoba ngu-1970 kg/ha, kanti isivuno ngehektha sizokhula ngo-837 mu noma 2.4% ngonyaka ka-2019. ukwandisa isivuno ngehektha ngalinye ngo-608.4 mu noma ngo-2.25% ngo-2019.

4.Ukucubungula
Njengamanje, ukuhlanzwa kukabhontshisi wesoya e-China ikakhulukazi kusebenzisa imishini yokuhlanza ubhontshisi wesoya kanye nesihlukanisi samandla adonsela phansi sikabhontshisi wesoya.Isetshenziswa kakhulu ukususa utshani, uthuli, izinambuzane, isikhutha nezinye izinhlayiya kubhontshisi wesoya.Vimbela i-aflatoxin esele kumpahla.Yiqiniso, amanye amakhasimende asebenzisa amasethi aphelele emigqa yokucubungula.


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  • Isikhathi sokuthumela: Dec-31-2021
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